Vaccinations are an essential part of a dog’s healthcare regime – from his puppy days to his senior status.
Good jab! «
Vaccinations, when given regularly, should afford dogs long-term, lifetime protection against the serious and sometimes fatal diseases caused by viruses.
Once in their system, a vaccine mimics a particular virus or bacteria, triggering the body's own immune response. After that, the immune response is ready and prepared to fight any future infection by that virus.
Puppies should begin vaccinations at between 6 and 8 weeks of age, so schedule a visit to your vet as soon as you can. Most vaccines are injected as part of a series, and one year after the last in the series, your dog will need boosters.
Vaccination protocols may vary, so follow your vet's recommended vaccination programme. Your vet will also be able to advise you on the range of vaccinations your dog should take.
The most common dog vaccinations «
A highly contagious and potentially fatal virus affecting the respiratory, gastrointestinal and nervous systems. It generally spreads as an airborne infection, with vaccination the only effective control.
The distemper virus is spread by inhaling infected droplets (ie close contact with an infected animal that sneezes/coughs) and is most prevalent in young animals. Thankfully because of vaccination Distemper is rarely seen these days
Infectious canine hepatitis (adenovirus)
This viral disease affects the liver, kidneys and the cells lining the blood vessels, causing high fever, thirst, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, liver damage and haemorrhaging.
Can be fatal or may result in chronic liver disease.
A common but deadly viral infection, with symptoms including severe diarrhoea, fever and vomiting.
Most commonly in puppies/young dogs. Dogs become infected after coming into contact with the virus which can be shed in large numbers in infected faeces.
Is a bacterial infection that is of particular relevance as it can be passed to humans. In dogs liver and kidney failure may be seen and severe acute infections are often fatal. The disease is transmitted via close contact with an infected animal through urine, the placenta, bites or by eating infected material. Humans can contract Leptospirosis through contact with infected dog, rat or cow urine.
Prevalent in the upper half of the North Island in New Zealand.
Canine Parainfluenza Virus and Adenovirus 2
Both viruses cause infectious tracheobronchitis (kennel cough) The most common symptom is a severe hacking cough that persists for 10 -14 days. They are transmitted by inhaling infected droplets (ie sneeze/cough) so are a particular issue in kennels or dog shelters where animals are in close contact
Is a bacteria that can also cause kennel cough either by itself or in combination with the other respiratory viruses. Like the respiratory viruses it is spread by inhaling infected droplets the predominant symptom is a harsh cough that resolves within 10-14 days.